Incompleteness

Incompleteness
Author: Rebecca Goldstein
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Total Pages: 299
Release: 2006-01-31
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
ISBN: 0393327604

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"An introduction to the life and thought of Kurt Gödel, who transformed our conception of math forever"--Provided by publisher.

Incompleteness: The Proof and Paradox of Kurt Gödel (Great Discoveries)

Incompleteness: The Proof and Paradox of Kurt Gödel (Great Discoveries)
Author: Rebecca Goldstein
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Total Pages: 299
Release: 2006-02-17
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
ISBN: 0393242455

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"A gem…An unforgettable account of one of the great moments in the history of human thought." —Steven Pinker Probing the life and work of Kurt Gödel, Incompleteness indelibly portrays the tortured genius whose vision rocked the stability of mathematical reasoning—and brought him to the edge of madness.

Incompleteness

Incompleteness
Author: Rebecca Goldstein
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2005
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
ISBN: 9780393051698

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Considered the 20th century's greatest mathematician, Kurt Godel is the subject of this lucid and accessible study, which explains the significance of his theorems and the remarkable vision behind them, while bringing this eccentric, tortured genius and his world to life.

The Incompleteness Phenomenon

The Incompleteness Phenomenon
Author: Martin Goldstern
Publisher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2018-10-08
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 1439863539

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This introduction to mathematical logic takes Gödel's incompleteness theorem as a starting point. It goes beyond a standard text book and should interest everyone from mathematicians to philosophers and general readers who wish to understand the foundations and limitations of modern mathematics.

Incompleteness in the Land of Sets

Incompleteness in the Land of Sets
Author: Melvin Fitting
Publisher:
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2007
Genre: Incompleteness theorems
ISBN: 9781904987345

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Russell's paradox arises when we consider those sets that do not belong to themselves. The collection of such sets cannot constitute a set. Step back a bit. Logical formulas define sets (in a standard model). Formulas, being mathematical objects, can be thought of as sets themselves-mathematics reduces to set theory. Consider those formulas that do not belong to the set they define. The collection of such formulas is not definable by a formula, by the same argument that Russell used. This quickly gives Tarski's result on the undefinability of truth. Variations on the same idea yield the famous results of Gödel, Church, Rosser, and Post. This book gives a full presentation of the basic incompleteness and undecidability theorems of mathematical logic in the framework of set theory. Corresponding results for arithmetic follow easily, and are also given. Gödel numbering is generally avoided, except when an explicit connection is made between set theory and arithmetic. The book assumes little technical background from the reader. One needs mathematical ability, a general familiarity with formal logic, and an understanding of the completeness theorem, though not its proof. All else is developed and formally proved, from Tarski's Theorem to Gödel's Second Incompleteness Theorem. Exercises are scattered throughout.

Godel's Incompleteness Theorems

Godel's Incompleteness Theorems
Author: Raymond M. Smullyan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 156
Release: 1992-08-20
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 0195364376

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Kurt Godel, the greatest logician of our time, startled the world of mathematics in 1931 with his Theorem of Undecidability, which showed that some statements in mathematics are inherently "undecidable." His work on the completeness of logic, the incompleteness of number theory, and the consistency of the axiom of choice and the continuum theory brought him further worldwide fame. In this introductory volume, Raymond Smullyan, himself a well-known logician, guides the reader through the fascinating world of Godel's incompleteness theorems. The level of presentation is suitable for anyone with a basic acquaintance with mathematical logic. As a clear, concise introduction to a difficult but essential subject, the book will appeal to mathematicians, philosophers, and computer scientists.

Incompleteness Mobility and Conviviality

Incompleteness Mobility and Conviviality
Author: Francis Nyamnjoh
Publisher: African Books Collective
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2023-12-05
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9956554847

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Central to the Jensen Memorial Lectures 2023 is an invitation to take incompleteness seriously in how we imagine, relate to and seek to understand a world in perpetual motion. Despite our instinct for and obsession with completeness, we are constantly reminded that the sooner one recognises and provides for incompleteness and the conviviality it inspires as the normal way of being, the better we are for it. Fluidity, compositeness and the capacity to be present in multiple places and forms simultaneously in whole or in fragments are core characteristics of reality and ontology of incompleteness. How would we frame our curiosities and conversations about processes, relationships and phenomena with an understanding of the universality of incompleteness and mobility? West and Central Africa, for example, are regions where it is commonplace to embrace and celebrate incompleteness in nature, the suprasensory, human beings, human actions, human inventions and human achievements. The lectures indicate how we could draw inspiration in this regard to inform current clamours for decolonisation and the growing ambivalence about rapid advances in digital technologies (artificial intelligence (AI) in particular), as well as with twenty-first century concerns about migrants and strangers knocking at the doors of opportunities we feel more entitled to as bona fide citizens and insiders. The lectures draw on the writings of Amos Tutuola as well as from popular ideas of personhood and agency in Africa, to make a case for sidestepped and silenced traditions of knowledge. They highlight Africa’s possibilities, prospects and emergent capacities for being and becoming in tune with the continent’s creativity and imagination. They speak to the nimble-footed flexible-minded frontier African at the crossroads and junctions of myriad encounters, facilitating creative conversations and challenging regressive logics of exclusionary claims and articulation of identities and achievements. The traditions of knowledge discussed in these lectures do not only speak to Africans, but to the world, as the philosophies explored have universal application. “The crucial anthropological question of relationality and othering is at the heart of this original and enlightening book. Nyamnjoh cautions the missionaries of decoloniality against the risk of substituting one illusion of completeness with another. For him, incompleteness is the basis of any healthy exchange. He therefore recommends embracing the universality of incompleteness in motion and taking seriously an ancestral tradition of self-extension through creative imagination in this anxious age of artificial intelligence. Forcefully argued and abundantly substantiated – with finesse and laughter that run through it – this book will be a milestone by making us rediscover the demands and the magic of fieldwork.” Prof. Dr. Mamadou Diawara, Goethe University, Frankfurt/Main Frobenius-Institut, Frankfurt/Main Point Sud, Bamako, Mali

Incompleteness At Every Turn

Incompleteness At Every Turn
Author: S. Rishabh Bhatt
Publisher: S. Rishabh Bhatt
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2024-02-13
Genre: Architecture
ISBN:

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"Incompleteness At Every Turn" This book is a journey of incompleteness in which every story is wandering somewhere in search of its completeness. Ask yourself the answer to each story and see what answer your heart gives. I believe you will always get a positive answer. Whenever negativity develops inside us, our desires overpower us at that moment. We are not able to understand the difference between right and wrong. But in the meantime, if we find a small pitiful scene, then the unit of positivity within us gets awakened. Believe me, this unit of positivity is the identity of this human life. We have to fight the incompleteness within us and become thirsty and search for the well. If we reach near this well, our thirst will be quenched for a few moments by the water of that well. Life also has the same relation with incompleteness. We try to complete what we know is incomplete. After it is complete, some more incompleteness become visible. Just like drinking water from a well once quenches thirst only for a few moments. After some time, we feel thirsty again and we need water again. This same cycle continues in our lives between incompleteness and life. Therefore, we should always keep moving forward while fighting this.

Incompleteness: Donald Trump, Populism and Citizenship

Incompleteness: Donald Trump, Populism and Citizenship
Author: B. Nyamnjoh
Publisher: African Books Collective
Total Pages: 417
Release: 2022-01-01
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9956552402

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This is a study of how Donald J. Trump, his populist credentials notwithstanding, borrows without acknowledgment and stubbornly refuses to come to terms with his indebtedness. Taken together with mobility and conviviality, the principle of incompleteness enables us to distinguish between inclusionary and exclusionary forms of populism, and when it is fuelled by ambitions of superiority and zero-sum games of conquest.

Information-theoretic Incompleteness

Information-theoretic Incompleteness
Author: Gregory J Chaitin
Publisher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 242
Release: 1992-08-24
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9814505102

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In this mathematical autobiography, Gregory Chaitin presents a technical survey of his work and a nontechnical discussion of its significance. The volume is an essential companion to the earlier collection of Chaitin's papers Information, Randomness and Incompleteness, also published by World Scientific.The technical survey contains many new results, including a detailed discussion of LISP program size and new versions of Chaitin's most fundamental information-theoretic incompleteness theorems. The nontechnical part includes the lecture given by Chaitin in Gšdel's classroom at the University of Vienna, a transcript of a BBC TV interview, and articles from New Scientist, La Recherche, and the Mathematical Intelligencer.